When you pay your electricity bills, what are you really paying for?

Nearly a third of all residential electricity consumption powers Domestic applainces and cooling appliances (Air conditioning & Fans). In 2018, water heating accounted for 12 percent of all residential electricity consumption. Meanwhile, lighting and refrigeration both accounted for an additional 6 percent each of total residential electricity consumption.

Appliances that use the most energy in your home

APPLIANCEPERCENT OF TOTAL ELECTRICITY USE
Air conditioning15%
Space heaters14%
Water heaters12%
Lights6%
Refrigerator6%
Television and consoles4%
Computer2%

Not all appliances are made equal. Although every appliance in your home consumes energy, utilizing each one will have a different impact on your monthly electricity bill. Understanding which of your appliances use the most energy, as well as when they’re pulling power from the grid, can help you save substantially on your monthly utility bills.

Equally interesting as which appliances consume the most energy is which appliances consume the least amount of residential electricity. In 2018, computers and similar electronic devices only consumed 2 percent of all electricity used by residential houses. What’s more, aside from the power required to heat water, dishwashers and clothes washers actually consume a very small amount of electricity.

Where energy consumption truly adds up is with all of the minor, miscellaneous appliances that consume energy throughout the day. Some appliances, like ceiling fans, may have a very low electric load but stay on for long periods of time. Other appliances, such as hair dryers, have a high electric load, but only remain on for short periods of time. However, in both cases, the appliances are consuming enough electricity to make a real impact on monthly electricity bills.

Phantom loads

Interestingly, your appliances don’t just consume energy when they’re turned on. Many will still pull power even while off, a state known as standby power or referred to as “phantom load.” Although not as resource intensive as when your appliances are turned on, phantom loads can add up very quickly.

For example, even when turned off, your TV continues to consume electricity. This is because there is a small amount of electrical load required to ensure that your TV turns on when you click the power button on your remote. Similarly also phones and laptop chargers continue to consume power when plugged in, even if they’re not actively charging any appliances.

Article Credit: news.energysage.com